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Shabalina & Partners

Patent Attorneys, Kazakhstan

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Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan, republic in Central Asia, is bounded on the north by Russia, on the east by China, on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, and on the west by Caspian Sea and Russia.  Almost all of Kazakhstan is located in the central portion of the Asian continent; however, a small part of the republic lies west of the Ural River on the European  continent. Astana, located in northern Kazakhstan, replaced Almaty as republic’s capital in 1997.


Kazakhstan was part of USSR from 1922 until December 1991, when it become independent. 


Kazakhstan covers an area of 2,717,300 sq. km, making it by far the largest country in Central Asia.


In 2010 Kazakhstan had an estimated population of 16 millions. About 60 percent of the population lives in urban areas.


The official language of Kazakhstan is Kazakh. Russian is the most widely spoken language in Kazakhstan and the primary language of interethnic communication. Government officials may use Kazakh and Russian for administrative purposes.


The economy of Kazakhstan is based on its agricultural and mineral resources. Abundant fossil-fuel and other mineral resources lie beneath the land. Heavy industry was developed to support the extraction of these mineral reserves and it gives the country a relatively diversified economy. Agriculture produced 10 percent of gross domestic product, industry (including mining and construction) accounted more then 30 percent, and  the remainder came from services such as trade and financial activities.


Legislation on Industrial Property Protection in Kazakhstan was entry into force in 1992. Kazakhstan is a member of  The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT),  The Paris Convention,  The Madrid Agreement and Madrid Protocol, Trademark Law Treaty, Patent Law Treaty, Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks and other.